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Claude Monet

Claude Monet (1840 - 1926) - France (Paris)

印象主義, リアリズム, 現実主義

Oscar-Claude Monet (/moʊˈneɪ/ French: [klod mɔnɛ] 14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926) was a French painter, a founder of French Impressionist painting and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein air landscape painting. The term "Impressi......


Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841 - 1919) - France (Limoges)

印象主義, 現実主義, 東洋風, リアリズム

Pierre-Auguste Renoir, commonly known as Auguste Renoir (/ˈrɛnwɑːr, rənˈwɑːr/ French: [pjɛʁ oɡyst ʁənwaʁ] 25 February 1841 – 3 December 1919), was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style. As a celebrator of beauty and especially feminine sensuality, it has been said that "Renoir is the final represent......


Edouard Manet

Edouard Manet (1832 - 1883) - France (Paris)

印象主義, 現実主義, リアリズム

Édouard Manet (US: /mæˈneɪ, mə-/ UK: /ˈmæneɪ/ French: [edwaʁ manɛ] 23 January 1832 – 30 April 1883) was a French painter. He was one of the first 19th-century artists to paint modern life, and a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism. Born into an upper-class household with strong political connections, Manet rejected the fu......


Gustave Courbet

Gustave Courbet (1819 - 1877) - France (Ornans)

現実主義, ロマン主義, リアリズム

Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet (French: [ɡystav kuʁbɛ] 10 June 1819 – 31 December 1877) was a French painter who led the Realism movement in 19th-century French painting. Committed to painting only what he could see, he rejected academic convention and the Romanticism of the previous generation of visual artists. His independence set an example that w......


Winslow Homer

Winslow Homer (1836 - 1910) - United States (Boston)

現実主義, リアリズム

Winslow Homer (February 24, 1836 – September 29, 1910) was an American landscape painter and printmaker, best known for his marine subjects. He is considered one of the foremost painters in 19th-century America and a preeminent figure in American art. Largely self-taught, Homer began his career working as a commercial illustrator. He subsequently t......


Frida Kahlo

Frida Kahlo (1907 - 1954) - Mexico (Coyoacán)

シュールレアリスム, シュルレアリスム, ナイーブアートのプリミティヴィズム, リアリズム, 現実主義

Frida Kahlo de Rivera (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈfɾiða ˈkalo] born Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo y Calderón 6 July 1907 – 13 July 1954) was a Mexican artist who painted many portraits, self-portraits, and works inspired by the nature and artifacts of Mexico. Inspired by the country's popular culture, she employed a naïve folk art style to explore que......


Edgar Degas

Edgar Degas (1834 - 1917) - France (Paris)

印象主義, フォーヴィスム, 現実主義, 新古典主義, リアリズム

Edgar Degas (US: /deɪˈɡɑː/ or UK: /ˈdeɪɡɑː/ born Hilaire-Germain-Edgar De Gas, French: [ilɛːʁ ʒɛʁmɛ̃ ɛdɡaʁ də ɡɑ] 19 July 1834 – 27 September 1917) was a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings. He is especially identified with the subject of dance more than half of his works depict dancers. He is regarded as one of......


Edward Hopper

Edward Hopper (1931 - 1967) - United States (Upper Nyack)

新しいリアリズム, 現実主義, 社会的リアリズム, 抽象的表現主義, リアリズム

Edward Hopper (July 22, 1882 – May 15, 1967 ) was a prominent American realist painter and printmaker. While he was most popularly known for his oil paintings, he was equally proficient as a watercolorist and printmaker in etching. Both in his urban and rural scenes, his spare and finely calculated renderings reflected his personal vision of modern......


Franz Marc

Franz Marc (1912 - 1916) - Germany (Munich)

表現主義, ポスト印象派, キュビズム, リアリズム, 象徴主義

Franz Marc (February 8, 1880 – March 4, 1916) was a German painter and printmaker, one of the key figures of German Expressionism. He was a founding member of Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider), a journal whose name later became synonymous with the circle of artists collaborating in it. Franz Marc was born in 1880 in Munich, then the capital of the ......


Jean-François Millet

Jean-François Millet (1814 - 1875) - France (Gruchy)

リアリズム, 現実主義

Jean-François Millet (French: [milɛ] October 4, 1814 – January 20, 1875) was a French painter and one of the founders of the Barbizon school in rural France. Millet is noted for his scenes of peasant farmers he can be categorized as part of the Realism art movement. Millet was the first child of Jean-Louis-Nicolas and Aimée-Henriette-Adélaïde Henry......


John Singer Sargent

John Singer Sargent (1856 - 1925) - Italy (Florence)

印象主義, 現実主義, リアリズム

John Singer Sargent (/ˈsɑːrdʒənt/ January 12, 1856 – April 14, 1925) was an American artist, considered the "leading portrait painter of his generation" for his evocations of Edwardian era luxury. During his career, he created roughly 900 oil paintings and more than 2,000 watercolors, as well as countless sketches and charcoal drawings. His oeuvre ......


Eugène Louis Boudin

Eugène Louis Boudin (1824 - 1898) - France (Honfleur)

印象主義, 現実主義, リアリズム

Eugène Louis Boudin (French: [budɛ̃] 12 July 1824 – 8 August 1898) was one of the first French landscape painters to paint outdoors. Boudin was a marine painter, and expert in the rendering of all that goes upon the sea and along its shores. His pastels, summary and economic, garnered the splendid eulogy of Baudelaire and Corot called him the "king......


Boris Mikhaylovich Kustodiev

Boris Mikhaylovich Kustodiev (1878 - 1927) - Russia (Astrakhan)

現実主義, アールヌーボー, ナイーブアートのプリミティヴィズム, リアリズム, 社会主義リアリズム

Boris Mikhaylovich Kustodiev (Russian: Бори́с Миха́йлович Кусто́диев 7 March [O.S. 23 February] 1878 – 28 May 1927) was a Russian painter and stage designer. Boris Kustodiev was born in Astrakhan into the family of a professor of philosophy, history of literature, and logic at the local theological seminary. His father died young, and all financial......


Joaquin Sorolla Y Bastida

Joaquin Sorolla Y Bastida (1863 - 1923) - Spain (Valencia)

現実主義, リアリズム

Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida (Spanish: [xoaˈkin soˈɾoʎa]) (27 February 1863 – 10 August 1923) was a Spanish painter. Sorolla excelled in the painting of portraits, landscapes, and monumental works of social and historical themes. His most typical works are characterized by a dexterous representation of the people and landscape under the bright sunligh......


Ivan Ivanovich Shishkin

Ivan Ivanovich Shishkin (1832 - 1898) - Russia (Yelabuga)

リアリズム, 現実主義

Ivan Ivanovich Shishkin (Russian: Ива́н Ива́нович Ши́шкин 25 January 1832 – 20 March 1898) was a Russian landscape painter closely associated with the Peredvizhniki movement. Shishkin was born in Yelabuga of Vyatka Governorate (today Republic of Tatarstan) and graduated from the Kazan gymnasium. Then he studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Scu......


Ilya Yefimovich Repin

Ilya Yefimovich Repin (1844 - 1930) - Russia (Chuguyev)

現実主義, リアリズム

Ilya Yefimovich Repin (Russian: Илья́ Ефи́мович Ре́пин, tr. Il'ya Yefimovich Repin, IPA: [ˈrʲepʲɪn] Finnish: Ilja Jefimovitš Repin Ukrainian: Ілля́ Юхи́мович Рє́пін 5 August [O.S. 24 July] 1844 – 29 September 1930) was a Russian realist painter. He was the most renowned Russian artist of the 19th century, when his position in the world of art was c......


Isaak Ilyich Levitan

Isaak Ilyich Levitan (1860 - 1900) - Russia (Kibarty)

現実主義, リアリズム

Isaac Ilyich Levitan (Russian: Исаа́к Ильи́ч Левита́н 30 August [O.S. 18 August] 1860 – 4 August [O.S. 22 July] 1900) was a classical Russian landscape painter who advanced the genre of the "mood landscape". Isaac Levitan was born in a shtetl of Kibarty, Augustów Governorate in Congress Poland, a part of the Russian Empire (present-day Lithuania) i......


Albert Bierstadt

Albert Bierstadt (1830 - 1902) - Germany (Solingen)

ハドソン川の学校, ロマン主義, 現実主義, ルミニズム, リアリズム

Albert Bierstadt (January 7, 1830 – February 18, 1902) was a German-American painter best known for his lavish, sweeping landscapes of the American West. To paint the scenes, Bierstadt joined several journeys of the Westward Expansion. Though not the first artist to record these sites, Bierstadt was the foremost painter of these scenes for the rema......


Carl Larsson

Carl Larsson (1919 - 1919) - Sweden (Stockholm)

現実主義, リアリズム

Carl Larsson (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈkɑːɭ ˈlɑːʂɔn] ( listen) 28 May 1853 – 22 January 1919) was a Swedish painter representative of the Arts and Crafts movement. His many paintings include oils, watercolors, and frescoes. He considered his finest work to be Midvinterblot (Midwinter Sacrifice), a large painting now displayed inside the Swedish Nat......


Giovanni Boldini

Giovanni Boldini (1842 - 1931) - Italy (Ferrera)

アカデミズム, 印象主義, 現実主義, リアリズム

Giovanni Boldini (31 December 1842 – 11 July 1931) was an Italian genre and portrait painter who lived and worked in Paris for most of his career. According to a 1933 article in Time magazine, he was known as the "Master of Swish" because of his flowing style of painting. Boldini was born in Ferrara, the son of a painter of religious subjects, and ......


Diego Rivera

Diego Rivera (1886 - 1957) - Mexico (Guanajuato)

現実主義, アール・デコ, 社会的 現実主義, キュビズム, 社会的リアリズム, シュールレアリスム, ナイーブアートのプリミティヴィズム, 新古典主義, リアリズム

Diego María de la Concepción Juan Nepomuceno Estanislao de la Rivera y Barrientos Acosta y Rodríguez, known as Diego Rivera (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈdjeɣo riˈβeɾa] December 8, 1886 – November 24, 1957) was a prominent Mexican painter. His large frescoes helped establish the Mexican mural movement in Mexican art. Between 1922 and 1953, Rivera paint......


Adolph Menzel

Adolph Menzel (1815 - 1905) - Poland (Breslau)

現実主義, リアリズム

Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel (December 8, 1815 – February 9, 1905) was a German Realist artist noted for drawings, etchings, and paintings. Along with Caspar David Friedrich, he is considered one of the two most prominent German artists of the 19th century, and was the most successful artist of his era in Germany. First known as Adolph Menze......


Konstantin Somov

Konstantin Somov (1869 - 1939) - Russia (St. Petersburg)

象徴主義, リアリズム, 現実主義, アールヌーボー

Konstantin Andreyevich Somov (Russian: Константин Андреевич Сомов, November 30, 1869 – May 6, 1939) was a Russian artist associated with the Mir iskusstva. Born into a family of a major art historian and Hermitage Museum curator Andrey Ivanovich Somov, he became interested in 18th-century art and music at an early age. Somov studied at the Imperial......


George Wesley Bellows

George Wesley Bellows (1882 - 1925) - United States (Columbus)

現実主義, リアリズム

George Wesley Bellows (August 12 or August 19, 1882 – January 8, 1925) was an American realist painter, known for his bold depictions of urban life in New York City, becoming, according to the Columbus Museum of Art, "the most acclaimed American artist of his generation". George Wesley Bellows was born and raised in Columbus, Ohio. He was the only ......


Valentin Alexandrovich Serov

Valentin Alexandrovich Serov (1865 - 1911) - Russia (Saint Petersburg)

印象主義, 現実主義, リアリズム, アールヌーボー

Valentin Alexandrovich Serov (Russian: Валенти́н Алекса́ндрович Серо́в 19 January 1865 – 5 December 1911) was a Russian painter, and one of the premier portrait artists of his era. Serov was born in Saint Petersburg, son of the Russian composer and music critic Alexander Serov, and his wife and former student Valentina Serova also a composer in her......


Honoré Daumier

Honoré Daumier (1808 - 1879) - France (Marseille)

現実主義, リアリズム

Honoré-Victorin Daumier (French: [ɔnɔʁe domje] February 26, 1808 – February 10, 1879) was a French printmaker, caricaturist, painter, and sculptor, whose many works offer commentary on social and political life in France in the 19th century. Daumier produced over 500 paintings, 4000 lithographs, 1000 wood engravings, 1000 drawings and 100 sculpture......


Thomas Eakins

Thomas Eakins (1844 - 1916) - United States (Philadelphia)

現実主義, リアリズム

Thomas Cowperthwait Eakins (July 25, 1844 – June 25, 1916) was an American realist painter, photographer, sculptor, and fine arts educator. He is widely acknowledged to be one of the most important artists in American art history. For the length of his professional career, from the early 1870s until his health began to fail some 40 years later, Eak......


Alfred Sisley

Alfred Sisley (1839 - 1899) - France (Paris)

印象主義, 現実主義, リアリズム, ポスト印象派

Alfred Sisley (/ˈsɪsli/ French: [sislɛ] 30 October 1839 – 29 January 1899) was an Impressionist landscape painter who was born and spent most of his life in France, but retained British citizenship. He was the most consistent of the Impressionists in his dedication to painting landscape en plein air (i.e., outdoors). He deviated into figure paintin......


Mikhail Vrubel

Mikhail Vrubel (1856 - 1910) - Russia (Omsk)

象徴主義, 現実主義, ビザンチン美術, リアリズム

Mikhail Aleksandrovich Vrubel (Russian: Михаи́л Алекса́ндрович Вру́бель March 17, 1856 – April 14, 1910, all n.s.) is usually regarded amongst the Russian painters of the Symbolist movement and of Art Nouveau. In reality, he deliberately stood aloof from contemporary art trends, so that the origin of his unusual manner should be sought in Late Byza......


James Jacques Joseph Tissot

James Jacques Joseph Tissot (1836 - 1902) - France (Nantes)

現実主義, 印象主義, アカデミズム, リアリズム

Jacques Joseph Tissot (French: [tiso] 15 October 1836 – 8 August 1902), Anglicized as James Tissot (/ˈtɪsoʊ/), was a French painter and illustrator. He was a successful painter of Paris society before moving to London in 1871. He became famous as a genre painter of fashionably dressed women shown in various scenes of everyday life. He also painted ......


Paul Serusier

Paul Serusier (1864 - 1927) - France (Paris)

クロイゾニズム, ポスト印象派, サンテティスム, リアリズム

Paul Sérusier (9 November 1864 – 7 October 1927) was a French painter who was a pioneer of abstract art and an inspiration for the avant-garde Nabis movement, Synthetism and Cloisonnism. Sérusier was born in Paris. He studied at the Académie Julian and was a monitor there in the mid-1880s. In the summer of 1888 he travelled to Pont-Aven and joined ......


Albert Edelfelt

Albert Edelfelt (1854 - 1905) - Finland (Porvoo)

現実主義, リアリズム

Albert Gustaf Aristides Edelfelt (21 July 1854 – 18 August 1905) was a Finnish painter. He lived in the Grand Duchy of Finland and made Finnish culture visible abroad, before Finland gained full independence. Edelfelt was born in Porvoo, son of Carl Albert Edelfelt, an architect, and Alexandra Edelfelt, née Brandt. His parents were Swedish-speaking......


Mikhail Nesterov

Mikhail Nesterov (1862 - 1942) - Russia (Ufa)

象徴主義, ポスト印象派, アールヌーボー, 現実主義, リアリズム

Mikhail Vasilyevich Nesterov (Russian: Михаи́л Васи́льевич Не́стеров 31 May [O.S. 19 May] 1862, Ufa – 18 October 1942, Moscow) was a Russian and Soviet painter associated with the Peredvizhniki and Mir Iskusstva. He was one of the first exponents of Symbolist art in Russia. He was born to a strongly patriarchal merchant family. His father was a dra......


Aleksandr Deyneka

Aleksandr Deyneka (1899 - 1969) - Russia (Kursk)

社会主義リアリズム, ナイーブアートのプリミティヴィズム, リアリズム, 構成主義, 表現主義, 現実主義

Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Deyneka (Russian: Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Дейне́ка May 20, 1899 – June 12, 1969) was a Soviet Russian painter, graphic artist and sculptor, regarded as one of the most important Russian modernist figurative painters of the first half of the 20th century. His Collective Farmer on a Bicycle (1935) has been described as exem......


Konstantin Yegorovich Makovsky

Konstantin Yegorovich Makovsky (1839 - 1915) - Russia (Moscow)

ロマン主義, リアリズム, 新古典主義, 現実主義

Konstantin Yegorovich Makovsky (Russian: Константин Егорович Маковский June 20 [O.S. July 2] 1839 —September 17 [O.S. September 30] 1915) was an influential Russian painter, affiliated with the "Peredvizhniki (Wanderers)". Many of his historical paintings, such as Beneath the Crown (1889) also known as The Russian Bride's Attire and Before the Wedd......


Johan Hendrik Weissenbruch

Johan Hendrik Weissenbruch (1824 - 1903) - Netherlands (The Hague)

現実主義, リアリズム

Jan Hendrik Weissenbruch, also known as Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch (born 19 June 1824 in The Hague – died 24 March 1903 in The Hague) was a Dutch painter of the Hague School. He is noted especially for his watercolours. Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch, also known as Jan Hendrik, was born in The Hague on 19 June 1824, the second son of Johannes Wei......


Grant Wood

Grant Wood (1891 - 1942) - United States (Anamosa)

地域主義, ポスト印象派, 社会的リアリズム

Grant DeVolson Wood (February 13, 1891 – February 12, 1942) was an American painter best known for his paintings depicting the rural American Midwest, particularly American Gothic (1930), which has become an iconic painting of the 20th century. Wood was born in rural Iowa, 4 mi (6 km) east of Anamosa, in 1891. His mother moved the family to Cedar R......


Alexey Venetsianov

Alexey Venetsianov (1780 - 1847) - Russia (Moscow)

現実主義, リアリズム, ロマン主義

Alexey Gavrilovich Venetsianov (Russian: Алексей Гаврилович Венецианов 18 February 1780–4 January 1847) was a Russian painter, renowned for his paintings devoted to peasant life and ordinary people. Alexey Venetsianov was born into a merchant family of Greek descent in Moscow. He entered the civil service in the early 19th century and moved to St. ......


Pascal-Adolphe-Jean Dagnan-Bouveret

Pascal-Adolphe-Jean Dagnan-Bouveret (1852 - 1929) - France (Paris)

リアリズム, 現実主義

Pascal-Adolphe-Jean Dagnan-Bouveret (January 7, 1852 – July 3, 1929), was one of the leading French artists of the naturalist school. He was born in Paris, the son of a tailor, and was raised by his grandfather after his father emigrated to Brazil. Later he added his grandfather's name, Bouveret, to his own. He became one of the leading French arti......


Nikolaos Gyzis

Nikolaos Gyzis (1842 - 1901) - Greece (Tinos)

現実主義, アールヌーボー, アカデミズム, リアリズム, ロマン主義, 象徴主義, 東洋風

Nikolaos Gyzis (Greek: Νικόλαος Γύζης, Greek pronunciation: [ni.'ko.la.os 'ʝi.zis] 1 March 1842 – 4 January 1901) was considered one of Greece's most important 19th-century painters. He was most famous for his work Eros and the Painter, his first genre painting. It was auctioned in May 2006 at Bonhams in London, being last exhibited in Greece in 19......


Pyotr Konchalovsky

Pyotr Konchalovsky (1876 - 1956) - Russia (Kharkov)

フォーヴィスム, キュビズム, 現実主義, 社会主義リアリズム, ポスト印象派, アールヌーボー

Pyotr Konchalovsky (Petr Petrovich Konchalovsky, Russian: Пётр Петро́вич Кончало́вский 21 February 1876 – 2 February 1956) was a Russian painter, a member of the Jack of Diamonds group. Pyotr Konchalovsky was born in the village of Slavianka, Kharkov gubernia (currently Ukraine) on 21 February 1876. His father was an art publisher. In 1889, the Kon......


Jose Clemente Orozco

Jose Clemente Orozco (1883 - 1949) - Mexico (Ciudad Guzmán)

社会的リアリズム, 表現主義, 現実主義, リアリズム

José Clemente Orozco (November 23, 1883 – September 7, 1949) was a Mexican painter, who specialized in political murals that established the Mexican Mural Renaissance together with murals by Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros, and others. Orozco was the most complex of the Mexican muralists, fond of the theme of human suffering, but less realisti......


Vasili Ivanovich Surikov

Vasili Ivanovich Surikov (1848 - 1916) - Russia (Krasnoyarsk)

現実主義, 象徴主義, リアリズム

Vasily Ivanovich Surikov (Russian: Василий Иванович Суриков 24 January 1848, Krasnoyarsk - 19 March 1916, Moscow) was a Russian Realist history painter. Many of his works have become familiar to the general public through their use as illustrations. He was born to an old Don Cossack family that had settled in Siberia. His father was a Collegiate Re......


Henri Fantin Latour

Henri Fantin Latour (1836 - 1904) - France (Grenoble)

現実主義, リアリズム

Henri Fantin-Latour (14 January 1836 – 25 August 1904) was a French painter and lithographer best known for his flower paintings and group portraits of Parisian artists and writers. He was born Ignace Henri Jean Théodore Fantin-Latour in Grenoble, Isère. As a youth, he received drawing lessons from his father, who was an artist. In 1850 he entered ......


Andrew Wyeth

Andrew Wyeth (1917 - 2009) - United States (Chadds Ford)

リアリズム, リアリズム

Andrew Newell Wyeth (/ˈwaɪ.ɛθ/ WY-eth July 12, 1917 – January 16, 2009) was a visual artist, primarily a realist painter, working predominantly in a regionalist style. He was one of the best-known U.S. artists of the middle 20th century. In his art, Wyeth's favorite subjects were the land and people around him, both in his hometown of Chadds Ford, ......


Theodore Robinson

Theodore Robinson (1852 - 1896) - United States (Irasburg)

印象主義, 現実主義, リアリズム

Theodore Robinson (June 3, 1852 – April 2, 1896) was an American painter best known for his Impressionist landscapes. He was one of the first American artists to take up Impressionism in the late 1880s, visiting Giverny and developing a close friendship with Claude Monet. Several of his works are considered masterpieces of American Impressionism. R......


Anders Leonard Zorn

Anders Leonard Zorn (1860 - 1920) - Sweden (Mora)

印象主義, リアリズム, 現実主義

Anders Leonard Zorn (Swedish pronunciation: [²anːdɛʂ ˈsoːɳ] ( listen) 18 February 1860 – 22 August 1920) was one of Sweden's foremost artists. He obtained international success as a painter, sculptor, and etcher. Among Zorn's portrait subjects were King Oscar II of Sweden, and three American Presidents, Grover Cleveland, William H. Taft, and Theodo......


Vasily Polenov

Vasily Polenov (1844 - 1927) - Russia (St. Petersburg)

現実主義, リアリズム

Vasily Dmitrievich Polenov (Russian: Васи́лий Дми́триевич Поле́нов 1 June 1844 – 18 July 1927) was a Russian landscape painter associated with the Peredvizhniki movement of realist artists. His contemporaries would call him the “Knight of Beauty” as he embodied both european and russian traditions of painting. His vision of life was summarized as f......


Yves Klein

Yves Klein (1928 - 1962) - France (Nice)

新しいリアリズム, 新しいリアリズム

Yves Klein (French pronunciation: ​[iv klɛ̃] 28 April 1928 – 6 June 1962) was a French artist and an important figure in post-war European art. He was a leading member of the French artistic movement of Nouveau réalisme founded in 1960 by art critic Pierre Restany. Klein was a pioneer in the development of performance art, and is seen as an inspira......


Jean-François Raffaelli

Jean-François Raffaelli (1850 - 1924) - France (Paris)

現実主義, リアリズム

Jean-François Raffaëlli (April 20, 1850 – February 11, 1924) was a French realist painter, sculptor, and printmaker who exhibited with the Impressionists. He was also active as an actor and writer. Born in Paris, he was of Tuscan descent through his paternal grandparents. He showed an interest in music and theatre before becoming a painter in 1870.......


Vasily Grigoryevich Perov

Vasily Grigoryevich Perov (1833 - 1882) - Russia (Tobolsk)

現実主義, リアリズム

Vasily Grigorevich Perov (Russian: Васи́лий Григо́рьевич Перо́в 2 January 1834 (21 December 1833 O.S.) – 10 June (29 May O.S.) 1882) was a Russian painter, a key figure of the Russian Realist movement and one of the founding members of Peredvizhniki. Vasily Perov was born on 2 January 1834 (21 December 1833 Old Style) in Tobolsk, Tobolsk Governorat......


William James Glackens

William James Glackens (1870 - 1938) - United States (Philadelphia)

新しいリアリズム, 新しいリアリズム

William James Glackens (March 13, 1870 – May 22, 1938) was an American realist painter and one of the founders of the Ashcan School of American art. He is also known for his work in helping Albert C. Barnes to acquire the European paintings that form the nucleus of the famed Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia. His dark-hued, vibrantly painted street......


Frank Duveneck

Frank Duveneck (1848 - 1919) - United States (Covington)

リアリズム, 現実主義

Frank Duveneck (October 9, 1848 – January 3, 1919) was an American figure and portrait painter. Duveneck was born in Covington, Kentucky, the son of German immigrant Bernhard Decker. Decker died in a cholera epidemic when Frank was only a year old and his widow remarried Joseph Duveneck. By the age of fifteen Frank had begun the study of art under ......


Raimundo De Madrazo Y Garreta

Raimundo De Madrazo Y Garreta (1841 - 1920) - Italy (Rome)

現実主義, リアリズム

Raimundo de Madrazo y Garreta (24 July 1841 - 15 September 1920) was a Spanish painter from the Madrazo family of artists who worked in the Realistic style although his later work shows signs of Rococo and Japanese influence. He was known primarily for his portraits. His grandfather was José de Madrazo, his father was the portrait painter, Federico......


Alexei Kondratyevich Savrasov

Alexei Kondratyevich Savrasov (1830 - 1897) - Russia (Moscow)

リアリズム, 現実主義

Alexei Kondratyevich Savrasov (Russian: Алексе́й Кондра́тьевич Савра́сов) (May 24, 1830 – October 8, 1897) was a Russian landscape painter and creator of the lyrical landscape style. Savrasov was born into the family of a merchant. He began to draw early and in 1838 he enrolled as a student of professor Karl Rabus (1800-1857) at the Moscow School o......


Konstantinos Volanakis

Konstantinos Volanakis (1837 - 1907) - Greece (Heraklion)

現実主義, 印象主義, リアリズム

Konstantinos Volanakis (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Βολανάκης 1837, Heraklion - 29 June 1907, Piraeus) was a Greek painter who became known as the "father of Greek seascape painting". His parents came from a small village near Rethymno. Later, they moved again for business reasons, and he completed his basic education on Syros in 1856. Afterward, urged on ......


Eric Fischl

Eric Fischl United States (New York City)

現実主義, リアリズム, ネオ表現主義

Eric Fischl (born March 9, 1948) is an American painter, sculptor, printmaker, draughtsman and educator. He is known for his paintings of depictions of American suburbia from the 1970s and 1980s. Fischl was born in New York City and grew up on suburban Long Island his family moved to Phoenix, Arizona, in 1967. His art education began at Phoenix Col......


Constant Troyon

Constant Troyon (1810 - 1865) - France (Sèvres)

リアリズム, 現実主義

Constant Troyon (August 28, 1810 – February 21, 1865) was a French painter of the Barbizon school. In the early part of his career he painted mostly landscapes. It was only comparatively late in life that Troyon found his métier as a painter of animals, and achieved international recognition. He was born in Sèvres, near Paris, where his father was ......


Franz Seraph Von Lenbach

Franz Seraph Von Lenbach (1836 - 1904) - Germany (Schrobrnhausen)

リアリズム, 現実主義

Franz Seraph Lenbach, after 1882, Ritter von Lenbach (13 December 1836, Schrobenhausen - 6 May 1904, Munich) was a German painter known primary for his portraits of prominent personalities from the nobility, the arts, and industry. Because of his standing in society, he was often referred to as the "Malerfürst" (Painter Prince). His father was a Ma......


Vasily Dmitrievich Polenov

Vasily Dmitrievich Polenov (1844 - 1927) -

現実主義, リアリズム, アールヌーボー, 象徴主義

Vasily Dmitrievich Polenov (Russian: Васи́лий Дми́триевич Поле́нов 1 June 1844 – 18 July 1927) was a Russian landscape painter associated with the Peredvizhniki movement of realist artists. His contemporaries would call him the “Knight of Beauty” as he embodied both european and russian traditions of painting. His vision of life was summarized as f......


Martiros Saryan

Martiros Saryan (1880 - 1972) - Russia (Nakhichevan-On-Don)

ナイーブアートのプリミティヴィズム, 象徴主義, 社会主義リアリズム, 表現主義, 現実主義, リアリズム

Martiros Saryan (Armenian: Մարտիրոս Սարյան Russian: Мартиро́с Сарья́н 28 February [O.S. 16 February] 1880 – 5 May 1972) was an Armenian painter, the founder of a modern Armenian national school of painting. He was born into an Armenian family in Nakhichevan-on-Don (now part of Rostov-on-Don, Russia). In 1895, aged 15, he completed the Nakhichevan s......


Igor Emmanuilovich Grabar

Igor Emmanuilovich Grabar (1871 - 1960) - Hungary (Budapest)

ポスト印象派, 社会主義リアリズム, 現実主義, 新造形主義, 点描画法, アールヌーボー, リアリズム

Igor Emmanuilovich Grabar (Russian: Игорь Эммануилович Грабарь, 25 March 1871 in Budapest – 16 May 1960 in Moscow) was a Russian post-impressionist painter, publisher, restorer and historian of art. Grabar, descendant of a wealthy Rusyn family, was trained as a painter by Ilya Repin in Saint Petersburg and by Anton Ažbe in Munich. He reached his pe......


Vasily Perov

Vasily Perov (1833 - 1882) - Russia (Tobolsk)

リアリズム, 現実主義

Vasily Grigorevich Perov (Russian: Васи́лий Григо́рьевич Перо́в 2 January 1834 (21 December 1833 O.S.) – 10 June (29 May O.S.) 1882) was a Russian painter, a key figure of the Russian Realist movement and one of the founding members of Peredvizhniki. Vasily Perov was born on 2 January 1834 (21 December 1833 Old Style) in Tobolsk, Tobolsk Governorat......


Vladimir Yegorovich Makovsky

Vladimir Yegorovich Makovsky (1846 - 1920) - Russia

現実主義, リアリズム

Vladimir Yegorovich Makovsky (Russian: Влади́мир Его́рович Мако́вский 26 January (greg.: 7 February) 1846, Moscow - 21 February 1920, Petrograd) was a Russian painter, art collector, and teacher. Makovsky was the son of collector, Yegor Ivanovich Makovsky, who was one of the founders of the Moscow Art School. Vladimir had two brothers, Nikolay Mako......


Fyodor Alexandrovich Vasilyev

Fyodor Alexandrovich Vasilyev (1850 - 1873) - Russia (Gatchina)

現実主義, リアリズム

Fyodor Alexandrovich Vasilyev (Russian: Фёдор Александрович Васильев, 1850 – 1873) was a Russian landscape painter who introduced the lyrical landscape style in Russian art. Fyodor Vasilyev was born in Gatchina to a low-level government official, Alexander Vasilyevich Vasilyev, and Olga Emelyanova Polyntseva on 22 February N.S. 1850. His parents ma......


Nikolai Ge

Nikolai Ge (1831 - 1894) - Russia (Voronezh)

現実主義, アカデミズム, ロマン主義, リアリズム, 表現主義

Nikolai Nikolaevich Ge (from his French ancestral surname "De Gay") (Russian: Николай Николаевич Ге 27 February [O.S. 15 February] 1831 – 13 June [O.S. 1 June] 1894) was a Russian realist painter and an early Russian symbolist. He was famous for his works on historical and religious motifs. Nikolai Ge was born in Voronezh to a Russian noble family ......


George Clausen

George Clausen (1852 - 1944) - United Kingdom (London)

現実主義, リアリズム

Sir George Clausen RA (18 April 1852 – 22 November 1944), was an English artist working in oil and watercolour, etching, mezzotint, dry point and occasionally lithographs. He was knighted in 1927. George Clausen was born in London on 18 April 1852, the son of a decorative artist of Danish descent. From 1867 to 1873, he attended the design classes a......


Jules Bastien Lepage

Jules Bastien Lepage (1848 - 1884) - France (Damvillers)

現実主義, リアリズム

Jules Bastien-Lepage (1 November 1848 – 10 December 1884) was a French painter closely associated with the beginning of naturalism, an artistic style that emerged from the later phase of the Realist movement. Bastien-Lepage was born in the village of Damvillers, Meuse, and spent his childhood there. Bastien's father grew grapes in a vineyard to sup......


Konstantin Yuon

Konstantin Yuon (1875 - 1958) - Russia (Moscow)

象徴主義, ポスト印象派, アールヌーボー, 社会主義リアリズム

Konstantin Fyodorovich Yuon or Juon (Russian: Константи́н Фёдорович Юо́н October 24 [O.S. October 12] 1875 – April 11, 1958) was a noted Russian painter and theatre designer associated with the Mir Iskusstva. Later, he co-founded the Union of Russian Artists and the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia. Yuon was born in Moscow to the fami......


Charles Amable Lenoir

Charles Amable Lenoir (1860 - 1926) - France (Châtelaillon-Plage)

現実主義, リアリズム

Charles-Amable Lenoir (22 October 1860 – 1926) was a French painter. Like his mentor, William-Adolphe Bouguereau, he was an academic painter and painted realistic portraits as well as mythological and religious scenes. His artistic career was so prestigious that he won the Prix de Rome twice and was awarded the Légion d'honneur. Lenoir was born in ......


Jonathan Eastman Johnson

Jonathan Eastman Johnson (1824 - 1906) - United Kingdom (Lovell)

リアリズム, リアリズム

Jonathan Eastman Johnson (July 29, 1824 – April 5, 1906) was an American painter and co-founder of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, with his name inscribed at its entrance. He was best known for his genre paintings, paintings of scenes from everyday life, and his portraits both of everyday people and prominent Americans such as Abraha......


Alexey Petrovich Bogolyubov

Alexey Petrovich Bogolyubov (1824 - 1896) - Russia (Pomeranian)

現実主義, ロマン主義, リアリズム

Alexey Petrovich Bogolyubov (Russian: Алексей Петрович Боголюбов 16 March 1824 – 3 February 1896) was a Russian landscape painter. Bogolyubov was born in the Pomeranie village of Novgorod Gubernia. His father was retired colonel Pyotr Gavriilovich Bogolyubov. Bogolyubov's maternal grandfather was the well-known philosopher and social critic Alexand......


Konstantin Fyodorovich Bogaevsky

Konstantin Fyodorovich Bogaevsky (1872 - 1943) - Ukraine (Crimean)

象徴主義, 現実主義, リアリズム, アカデミズム

Konstantin Fyodorovich Bogaevsky (Russian: Константин Фёдорович Богаевский, 24 January [O.S. 12 January] 1872 - 17 February 1943) was a Russian painter notable for his Symbolist landscapes. Konstantin Bogaevsky was born in the Eastern Crimean city of Feodosia to an old Italian-German family of the Genoese extraction on 24 January [O.S. 12 January] ......


Grigoriy Myasoyedov

Grigoriy Myasoyedov (1834 - 1911) - Russia (Pankovo)

現実主義, リアリズム

Grigoriy Grigorievich Myasoyedov (Russian: Григорий Григорьевич Мясоедов 19 April 1834, Pankovo, Tula Governorate – 31 December 1911, Poltava) was a Russian Realist painter associated with the Peredvizhniki movement. His father was a member of the minor gentry, and was the author of a book titled The Statistical Economic Review of the Southern Part......


Ioannis Altamouras

Ioannis Altamouras (1852 - 1878) - Italy (Florenceor Naples)

現実主義, リアリズム

Ioannis Altamouras (Greek: Ιωάννης Αλταμούρας) (Florence or Naples, 1852 – Spetses, 1878) was an outstanding Greek painter of the 19th century famous for his paintings of seascapes. Altamouras father was the Italian painter Francesco Saverio Altamura and his mother was the aristocrat and first Greek female painter from Spetses Eleni Boukoura-Altamo......


Georgios Jakobides

Georgios Jakobides (1853 - 1932) - Turkey (Lesbos)

現実主義, リアリズム

Georgios Jakobides (Γεώργιος Ιακωβίδης 11 January 1853 – 13 December 1932) was a painter and one of the main representatives of the Greek artistic movement of the Munich School. He founded and was the first curator of the National Gallery of Greece in Athens. He was born in Chidira, Lesbos, Ottoman Empire. At the age of 13, he traveled to Smyrna to......


Everett Shinn

Everett Shinn (1876 - 1953) - United States (Woodstown)

現実主義, リアリズム

Everett Shinn (November 6, 1876 – May 1, 1953) was an American realist painter and member of the Ashcan School. He also exhibited with the short-lived group known as "The Eight," who protested the restrictive exhibition policies of the powerful, conservative National Academy of Design. He is best known for his robust paintings of urban life in New ......


Jamie Wyeth

Jamie Wyeth United States (Wilmington)

現実主義, リアリズム

James Browning Wyeth (born July 6, 1946) is a contemporary American realist painter, son of Andrew Wyeth, and grandson of N.C. Wyeth. He was raised in Chadds Ford Township, Pennsylvania, and is artistic heir to the Brandywine School tradition - painters who worked in the rural Brandywine River area of Delaware and Pennsylvania, portraying its peopl......


Eugène Joseph Verboeckhoven

Eugène Joseph Verboeckhoven (1798 - 1881) - Belgium (Warneton)

リアリズム, 現実主義

Eugène Joseph Verboeckhoven (9 June 1798 – 19 January 1881), a Belgian painter, was born at Warneton in West Flanders. He was a painter, a sculptor, an etcher, an engraver, and a lithographer of animals, animated landscapes, and portraits. Eugène Verboeckhoven studied under his father, Barthélemy Verboeckhoven, a sculptor. In 1816 he worked under V......


Pavel Fedotov

Pavel Fedotov (1815 - 1852) -

現実主義, リアリズム

Pavel Andreyevich Fedotov (Russian: Павел Андреевич Федотов 1815 – 1852) was an amateur Russian painter known as a Russian Hogarth. He was only 37 years old when he died in a mental clinic. Fedotov was an officer of the Imperial Guards of Saint Petersburg. Like many of his colleagues at the time, he was interested in arts. He played the flute and a......


Gunnar Berndtson

Gunnar Berndtson (1854 - 1895) - Finland

現実主義, リアリズム

Gunnar Fredrik Berndtson (24 October 1854, Helsinki – 9 April 1895, Helsinki) was a Finnish painter who was noted for his attention to realistic detail. His father was Fredrik Berndtson (fi), a well-known author, journalist and poet. He began his higher studies at the Polytechnic Institute (now the Helsinki University of Technology). Since 1869, ho......


Will Barnet

Will Barnet (1911 - 2012) - United States (Beverly)

社会的リアリズム, 現実主義, 表現主義, シュールレアリスム, ナイーブアートのプリミティヴィズム, シュルレアリスム

Will Barnet (May 25, 1911 – November 13, 2012) was an American artist known for his paintings, watercolors, drawings, and prints depicting the human figure and animals, both in casual scenes of daily life and in transcendent dreamlike worlds. Born in 1911 in Beverly, Massachusetts, Barnet knew by the age of ten that he wanted to be an artist. As a ......





Vasily Vasilevich Vereshchagin

Vasily Vasilevich Vereshchagin (1842 - 1904) - Russia (Cherepovets)

現実主義, リアリズム


Léon Augustin L'hermitte

Léon Augustin L'hermitte (1844 - 1925) - France (Mont-Saint-Père)

現実主義, リアリズム



Peder Mork Monsted

Peder Mork Monsted (1859 - 1941) - Denmark (Balle Mølle)

現実主義, リアリズム













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